Kazakhstan intercepts all HTTPS Internet traffic

 The Kazakhstan government now requires all local Internet service providers (ISPs) to install a government-issued certificate, allowing them to intercept and decrypt all HTTPS Internet traffic inside its borders. Implications for surveillance and rights are serious, as it will allow wider targeting of Internet traffic, in addition to its use of the Israeli NSO Group hacking technology. Mozilla denied a similar root inclusion request from Kazakhstan in 2016, and is again considering whether to block its root certificate.